Global Payroll Workflow
Payroll Trends: 2025

Freelancers vs Employer of Record (EoR) System in Turkey

When considering employing someone in Turkey, businesses have two primary options: hiring freelancers or using the Employer of Record (EoR) system. The decision between Freelancers vs Employer of Record (EoR) System in Turkey depends on the specific needs and goals of the company. Both methods have distinct advantages and challenges.

Employing Freelancers in Turkey
Flexibility and Cost-Efficiency:
Freelancers in Turkey offer significant flexibility and cost savings. Companies can hire freelancers for specific projects without the long-term commitment required for full-time employees. This model is particularly beneficial for businesses with fluctuating workloads or those needing specialized skills on a temporary basis. Freelancers focus solely on their assigned tasks, often leading to quicker project completion compared to in-house employees who may have broader responsibilities.

Legal and Logistical Considerations:
Hiring freelancers in Turkey involves navigating various legal and logistical issues. Freelancers need to be registered as self-employed and pay taxes on their earnings. If they work without the appropriate permits, both they and their employers face substantial fines and potential deportation. However, freelancers working with international clients and receiving payments in foreign accounts may bypass some local regulations, though this approach carries its own risks.

Infrastructure and Community:
Turkey has a growing infrastructure to support freelancers, including co-working spaces in major cities like Istanbul, Ankara, and Izmir. These spaces not only provide essential office facilities but also foster a community where freelancers can network and collaborate.

Employing via Employer of Record (EoR) System
Compliance and Risk Management:
An EoR in Turkey allows companies to legally employ workers without setting up a local entity. The EoR handles all employment-related legalities, including payroll, taxes, and compliance with Turkish labor laws. This arrangement significantly reduces the risk of legal issues and administrative burdens on the company.

Employee Integration and Support:
Using an EoR can help integrate employees more seamlessly into the company's culture and operations compared to freelancers. EoR-employed individuals typically receive benefits similar to traditional employees, which can enhance job satisfaction and loyalty. This setup is ideal for businesses looking to establish a stable, long-term presence in Turkey.

Costs and Commitment:
While the EoR system provides comprehensive support, it generally involves higher costs than hiring freelancers. Companies must pay the EoR service fees in addition to the employee’s salary and benefits. However, these costs can be offset by the reduced risk and administrative burden, making the EoR a valuable option for businesses committed to expanding in Turkey.

Choosing between freelancers and the EoR system in Turkey depends on your business needs. Freelancers offer flexibility and cost savings for short-term or project-based work but come with legal and compliance challenges. The EoR system provides a compliant, low-risk way to employ long-term staff in Turkey, with the trade-off being higher overall costs. Companies must weigh these factors carefully to decide the best approach for their specific circumstances.

By understanding the nuances of both options, businesses can make informed decisions that align with their operational goals and legal requirements in Turkey.